Since the fall of Siad Barre’s authority in January 1991, Mogadishu has been a battleground, with pro-government forces fighting with rebels determined to topple country’s governments. The instability pushed many Somalis out of school, both at the basic and university levels. A few found spaces in Kenyan schools; others who could afford it flew abroad further their education, a dear sacrifice indeed.
Despite violence, regular confrontations with militias, landmine explosions and even direct threats to academics, Mogadishu hosts the biggest number of private universities in the entire Somalia.
The universities include Mogadishu University, Hamar, Indian Ocean, Banadir, Shabelle University, Somalia and Simad University. Even foreign universities like Plasma and Al-Nilayn universities offer educational services here. That is besides the distance learning courses offered by many of the institutions, local and international.