Sunday, November 19, 2017



Current census and population distribution of Kenya stands at around 40+Million people.

What's the population of Kenya? the latest census, carried out in 2009 revealed that Kenya has a population of 38.6 million people. Currently, Kenya's population is estimated to have hit over 40 million. According to a report on CIA World Fact book, Kenya population hit 41.7 in July 2011.

While no ethnic group constitutes a majority of Kenya's citizens, the largest ethnic group, the Kikuyu, makes up only 15% of the nation's total population, The Six largest - Kikuyu, Luo, Luhya, Kamba, Kalenjin and Somalis account for almost 70%. ...Somalis and Turkanas constitute ethnic groups with large tracks of land in Kenya. The principal non-indigenous ethnic minorities are the Arabs and Asians.

Christians Constitute around 65% of Kenyans and Muslims 30%. The rest are animist.

Wednesday, October 04, 2017


Foreign Affairs CS Amina Mohamed has been named to a team of external advisers of UN General Assembly President Miroslav Lajcak.

The 15 members will advise the UNGA boss on how best to advance his priorities for the assembly's 72nd session.

The priorities are mediation, conflict prevention and sustaining peace, migration, implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Others are human rights, human dignity and the future and reform of the United Nations.

The team, whose members are eminent personalities from all United Nations regional groups, will hold its first meeting on October 6 in New York.

"It will include a discussion on a wide range of global political issues, impressions of the General Assembly's recently concluded high-level week, the messages emanating from the General Debate and principal international challenges ahead," Lajcak's spokesman Brenden Varma said in a statement.

Varma said the list is inconclusive as some personalities are yet to respond to their appointments.

"The list is not final and may be expanded at a later date."

Amina's appointment comes eight months after she lost her bid to chair the African Union commission.

Chad's Moussa Mahamat won the seat during the January 30 poll.

Amina welcomed the appointment terming it an honour to Kenya's commitment to progresing universal values.

"I congratulate the other eminent colleagues who have been recognized to support the President of the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly.

"Each one of us, through this role, is a vital part of our future and that of our children. Our common goal is to focus on our people to strive for peace and deliver a decent life for all in a sustainable planet," she said.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017


Plans to build the Isiolo to Mandera road are at an advanced stage with the government seeking to borrow Sh50 billion from the World Bank to finance the project.

The upgrade of the 740-kilometre road, which has been on the cards for decades, will ease transport to the arid north eastern Kenya that has remained inaccessible.

The Kenya National Highways Authority (KeNHA) last week invited bidders for the various components of the project to submit their expressions of interest together with summaries of their capability.

Isolated economically

“The Republic of Kenya has applied for financing in the amount of $ 500 million (Sh50 billion) equivalent from the World Bank (International Development Association (IDA) toward the cost of the North Eastern Transport Improvement Project (NETIP),” KeNHA said in the advertisement.

The project represents the government’s plan to open up north eastern Kenya which has remained isolated economically from the rest of the country due to the lack of roads and other infrastructure.

The road is currently characterised by deep gullies and potholes and requires an off-road vehicle to navigate. Travelling to Mandera from Nairobi by bus takes about two days and costs Sh3,500. During rainy seasons the journey can take up to two weeks as roads become impassable with buses and trucks carrying relief food getting stuck.

Mandera, Wajir and Isiolo counties, which the road traverses, have vast pasture lands where pastoralists keep millions of animals. The economic potential of pastoralism has remained stunted by lack of a proper road to take products to the market.

“The road infrastructure is in a poor state and communication networks are lacking in many areas. This means that households receive low prices for the items that they sell and pay high prices for purchases,” states the 2015 Contingency Plan by Mandera County.

State House in June indicated that the road project will include multiple components to create an economic corridor that will lift the area residents’ prospects.

“This intervention is conceived as a development corridor and as such fibre optic cables will be provided to ensure the region’s digital connection,” State House said in a statement.
“In addition, service centres (e.g. Huduma Centres, information centres for pastoralists etc) will be built in market towns along the road to connect the population to government services.”

KeNHA has listed four main components of the project, including road construction works for 450 kilometres. The other components include studies and design of the corridor and construction of a fibre optic cable network.

The entire stretch from Isiolo to Mandera is 740km long but part of it had earlier been tendered.

President Uhuru Kenyatta in May commissioned the tarmacking of the 135km Elwak-Rhamu road in Mandera County at a cost Sh2.5 billion.

The road to Mandera will be the second major corridor in northern Kenya after the Isiolo-Moyale road which is nearly complete.

This road stretches all the way to the Ethiopian border.

Friday, July 21, 2017


Somali Clans distribution in the Horn of Africa: Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia

Thursday, March 23, 2017


Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, right, speaks during a joint news conference with Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed at State House in Nairobi, Kenya, March 23, 2017.

NAIROBI — The Kenyan government says it will open the border with Somalia to boost trade and allow the flow of people between the two countries. Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta also pledged to help Somalia in the fight against al-Shabab militants and support and train government workers. His remarks followed a meeting he had in Nairobi with his Somali counterpart, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.

After a closed door meeting that lasted more than three hours, the two heads of state addressed the media in a display of friendship. 

President Kenyatta discussed the border issue.

"We agreed to take the following actions within the shortest possible time, open two border posts, in Dobley-Liboi and Mandera-Bula Hawa, and to facilitate the movement of people, goods and services," he said.

The borders have remained closed for the last two-and-a-half decades since Somalia descended into conflict; however, people living along the borders and refugees have found a way to get into Kenya.

Kenya has also agreed to train 500 Somali men and women in different economic fields including teaching, nursing, and administration, to help in their country’s rebuilding and recovery. Despite the optimism expressed by the two leaders, the threat of Somali militant group al-Shabab exists, and both countries have reaffirmed their commitment to defeating the organization.

Kenya has also had issues with Somali refugees living at the Dadaab refugee camp, in the northeast of the country. The east African nation plans to close the refugee camp, the world's largest, by the end of May, but, in what some say might be a change of heart, Kenyatta says his government will build a training institute at the camp to educate high school graduates.


“Kenya will establish a technical training institute for youths currently in the refugee camps as well as the environs of Dadaab and this I believe will greatly help in providing these young men and women the necessary skills they will require to develop and grow Somalia,” said Kenyatta.

Thousands of Dadaab high school graduates can not join universities and training institutes in Kenya because they are confined to the camps.

Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed says the latest economic collaboration will improve the security of the region.

“Close economic cooperation between Kenya and Somalia will not only help to improve the lives of our millions of people but will also enhance the security situation in East Africa. Therefore my government is ready to work very closely with your government in the realization of full economic cooperation between our two nations,” he said.

The two eastern African countries also agreed to cooperate on security issues to confront the threat of al-Shabab in the region.

Sunday, March 19, 2017


​Somali President meets Saudi King in his first foreign visit

Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Above will make his first State visit to Kenya on Thursday ahead of a special IGAD summit on Saturday.

State House Spokesperson Manoah Esipisu said Kenya and Somalia enjoy warm and cordial relations founded on trust, cooperation and mutual interests.

“We share a common heritage and our views converge on many regional and international issues,” he said.

Adding: “Our common endeavour for durable peace, viable stability and sustainable development for both our peoples and region continue to underline the necessity for our mutual cooperation.”

“President Uhuru looks forward to robust multi-sectoral bilateral engagements and enhancing the existing partnerships in order to leverage on the existing opportunities therein,” he said.

Areas of cooperation identified in the Joint Commission include Security, Trade and investment, Civil Aviation, Education and Agriculture. Others are Resources sharing and development, Livestock Development, Fisheries, Tourism, Immigration, Labour and Health.

Esipisu pointed out that the President would speak on the importance of the technical teams involved to convene as soon as possible to review the implementation status of the Joint Commission for Cooperation, in particular, to conclude the proposed instruments of cooperation.

Key areas to be discussed by the technical teams include, MoU on Political Consultations by the respective Ministries of Foreign Affairs; Initiating measures to enhance cooperation on immigration matters and development of a comprehensive border management system; Cooperation on police matters, including capacity building; and encouraging the private sector to explore the investment opportunities in both countries among many others.

The Spokesperson said President Uhuru will inform his guest of Kenya’s readiness to offer technical support and capacity building assistance to the Federal Government institutions and other sectors based on mutual agreement.

Other issues which President Uhuru will discuss with his guest include the need for Kenya and Somalia to approach the forthcoming 3rd London Conference on Somalia slated for May 11.

The Spokesperson also announced that Kenya will host an IGAD Summit on Saturday, whose focus would be on Somali refugees and the need to create a conducive environment for them to feel safe to go back and develop their country. He said the summit will also review other regional security matters, with a focus on South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi.

“Regional security is a matter that world leaders have expressed concern about and want to see Kenya remain in the pivotal role in terms of tackling these,” said Esipisu.

Thursday, January 05, 2017


Like it or Not, He is Our Regional Political KingPin....Honourable Majority Leader, Kenya National Assembly, Aden Duale.

On the left, Kenya's Majority Leader of the Parliament, Hon. Aden Duale, Kenya's Deputy President, Hon Wlliam Ruto on the Right with His Excellency, Kenya's President, Hon. Uhuru Kenyatta, in a Function.

On the left, Kenya's Majority Leader of the Parliament, Hon. Aden Duale, Kenya's Deputy President, Hon Wlliam Ruto on the Right with His Excellency, Kenya's President Hon. Uhuru Kenyattain a Function.

On the Right, Kenya's Majority Leader of the Parliament, Hon. Aden Duale, Kenya's Deputy President, Hon Wlliam Ruto in the Centre with His Excellency, Kenya's President, Hon. Uhuru Kenyatta in a Function.

On the left, Kenya's Majority Leader of the Parliament, Hon. Aden Duale, Kenya's Secretary of Industrilization, Hon. Aden Mohamed on the Right with His Excellency, Kenya's President, Hon. Uhuru Kenyatta in a Function.

On the left, Kenya's Majority Leader of the Parliament, Hon. Aden Duale, with His Excellency, Kenya's President, Hon. Uhuru Kenyatta in a Function.

Thursday, December 01, 2016


Somalis are 100% Percent Muslims but if you find one or two out of 26 Million Somalis, Then, That is about Material issue. Some are pushed to Christianity by Poverty and hence become Christians temporarily. There are some organizations which Give some money for you to denounce Islam and some are tempted. 


You can as well Check This Blog:

Wednesday, November 23, 2016


North Eastern B9 National Government Road 50 years after independence. This is the Work of the Kenya National Government. It is a National Highway, Sio za Counties.

Monday, October 10, 2016



ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Foreign investors on Monday warily eyed the Ethiopian government’s latest attempt to quell violent protests that have targeted foreign-owned businesses in Africa’s second most-populous nation.

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn declared a six-month state of emergency on Sunday, saying it was necessary to protect citizens and property following widespread antigovernment unrest in Oromia, one of the country’s nine ethnically based regional states.

Long-running protests over the government’s monopoly on power and human-rights abuses have swelled recently in Oromia and Amhara, another regional state. More than 130 private concerns were attacked by protesters last week, including a Dutch-owned flower farm and a cement factory owned by Nigerian Aliko Dangote, Africa’s richest man.


The Ethiopian government painted a grim picture of a country under siege by foreign-backed gangs as it justified its newly announced six-month-long state of emergency Monday.

The measure, announced Sunday, comes as mobs have attacked foreign-owned businesses and an American was killed during unrest that exploded after a stampede last week at a cultural festival killed dozens.


Government spokesman Getachew Reda told journalists that the past week of violence, in which dozens more have died, was the work of foreign-funded gangs and required more intense security measures to tackle.

“You have motorbike gangs now carrying petrol bombs, carrying firearms in groups of 10 going from place to place, terrorizing the public,” Reda said Monday. “The kind of threats we are facing, targeting infrastructure, targeting civilians, cannot be handled through ordinary law enforcement procedures.”

Last week, protesters damaged around a dozen factories and equipment mostly belonging to foreign firms, accused by the demonstrators of buying property leases on their seized land.

Security forces, however, already have been implicated in the deaths of hundreds of people in the past year in anti-government protests.

The protests began in November in the Oromia region, which surrounds the capital. People there complain of a corrupt local administration and illegal confiscation of land to set up multinational factories.


Many people from Oromiya, a region at the heart of Ethiopia's industrialization drive, accuse the state of seizing their land and offering meager compensation before selling it on to companies, often foreign investors, at inflated prices.

The unrest has since spread to the Amhara region, Ethiopia’s cultural heartland, and now there is turmoil in the southern provinces as well.

The Oromo people, who make up at least a third of the population, have long complained of economic and political marginalization. When protests erupted during a huge cultural festival in Oromia on Oct. 2, police fired tear gas, causing a stampede that killed at least 55 people — although the opposition estimates that the toll is at least 10 times that.

Recently, Dozens of people died at a festival after security forces fired tear gas into a crowd during a political protest and provoked a stampede.

Saturday, October 08, 2016




  • CS Amina, Although in the Debate was so much about defending The Jubilee Government, Her Employers, There was nothing else of Substance she added to the Plight of Somali Refugees in Kenya. 

  • The Kenya Human Rights, US CIA, All Corroborated statements by Witnesses of Extra Judicial Killings have been thrown in the Window. Being a Somali herself, She brought in, The Somali Bias, her clan being from Northern Somalia as most refugees were from Southern Somalia.

Ahead of the 2017 Kenyan presidential elections, Upfront’s Mehdi Hasan spoke with Kenya's Foreign Minister Amina Mohamed on the repatriation of Somali refugees, corruption allegations, the fight against Al-Shabab and the International Criminal Court.

“We are not violating any obligations. If we were, the whole world would have come down like a ton of bricks right on our heads,” Mohamed said, addressing a call by UNHCR for Kenya to reconsider its decision to close down the Dadaab refugee camp and repatriate Somali refugees, some of whom have been living there for almost 25 years.

“We have a tripartite agreement [with UNHCR and the Somali Federal Government] that we entered into in 2013, not yesterday, not today, not the day before,” Mohamed explained, highlighting what she felt was a failure instead by the international community to fulfill its own obligations to address residents of the world’s largest refugee camp.

Turning to the broader issue of Somalis in Kenya, Hasan pointed out that many groups, including the U.S. – a key ally of Kenya’s –, are alarmed with what they see as an increase in targeted torture, harassment and detainment of ethnic Somalis. She denied hearing about any of their concerns prior to appearing on Upfront, so could not verify the claims.

“They’ve just made it up?” Hasan asked. “They’re making it up,” Mohamed replied.

On the issue of corruption, Hasan pointed to a World Bank report that praised Kenya as one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa, but also to a report by PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PwC) which said that Kenya was the third most corrupt country in the world. It is an issue, Mohamed said, the government is being “self-reflective” about. “We are dealing with the issues.” She denied, however, a recent statement by Kenya’s auditor general that around two billion dollars had gone missing. “I respect everybody’s freedom to say what they need to say,” the foreign minister added. However, after being asked several times by Hasan if two billion dollars had gone missing in Kenya due to corruption, she responded, “No.”

In this interview, recorded prior to the attack in Northern Kenya, Mohamed was also asked about Kenya’s ongoing war against Somali armed group Al-Shabab, which has attacked Kenya numerous times in the last few years. “We’re winning the war in Kenya,” she said.

When asked to explain why Al-Shabab is able to attack and kill Kenyan civilians and armed forces, she responded, saying, “Tell me who has been able to completely  stop these attacks?”

“Who are you comparing us to? Look at what’s happening in Western Europe, what’s happening in the rest of the world,” she added.

Lastly, Hasan pressed Mohamed on the International Criminal Court (ICC), which dropped the charges of murder and crimes against humanity for Kenyan Deputy Prime Minister William Ruto. In its judgment, the ICC said it was unable to acquit or continue with the trial due to what it described as “troubling incidents of witness interference and intolerable political meddling.”

Mohamed argued the premise of the question was wrong and added that: “You don’t keep sentencing people. You allow due process to take place. And when due process has taken place, and people are found to be innocent….” But Hasan countered: “He was not found to be innocent. That is incorrect.”

Mohamed stated that Kenya has supported the ICC and believes in the rule of law, but seemed to question the judges, saying, “There is something already out there about the judges. But I will not go into it.”

This UpFront interview was with Amina Mohamed aired on Friday, 7 October 2016 at 19:30GMT / 22:30 EAT. The show is available through this link: from 19.30GMT / 22:30EAT  onwards and will also be embeddable from YouTube.

UpFront broadcasts on Fridays at 19.30 GMT. Follow UpFront on Twitter @AJUpFront. 


Former UAE ambassador Bishar Hussein has been reelected director general of the Universal Postal Union. He will lead the UN organisation until 2020. Hussein has been serving in the position since 2012 and his current term ends this year. The next begins in 2017.
UPU is responsible for the development of postal business in the world. It comprises 192 member countries and supports cooperation between international postal players.
Hussein defeated Uruguay’s Serrana Bassini Casco by 87 votes to 72.
Foreign Affairs CS Mohamed Amina and ICT Cabinet Secretary Joe Mucheru supported his reelection in Istanbul, Turkey, where the polls were held.
In a statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mohamed expressed gratitude to the international community for reelecting Hussein. She said his reelection is a vote of confidence in Kenya.

The Secret Relationship between Ethiopia and Alshabaab

Monday, September 19, 2016



  • Githu Muigai said there exists a valid agreement with Somalia on how to resolve a maritime boundary dispute between the two countries specifically through negotiations.
  • Kenya told the court that Somalia rushed to block a chosen path to resolve the dispute through the UN Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf (CLCS), despite both sides agreeing to wait for its recommendations.

Kenya says Somalia jumped the gun when it filed a case before International Court of Justice, in spite of signing an agreement to resolve the matter through diplomatic channels.

In the ongoing initial submissions presented to the Court on Monday, Kenya’s Attorney-General Githu Muigai said there exists a valid agreement with Somalia on how to resolve a maritime boundary dispute between the two countries specifically through negotiations.

But Kenya’s lawyer Karim Khan accused Mogadishu of “changing” the substance of the case after they realised the 2009 agreement between the two is valid despite Somalia’s insistence that it didn’t ratify it.

“A treaty cannot be declared null and void just because one of the signatories has violated its own internal laws,” Mr Khan argued.

He was referring to a previous similar case between Senegal and Guinea Bissau when judges agreed that validity of a signed agreement between states cannot be negated if one fails to follow internal procedures relating to adopting it.

In another scenario, President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has said the government and people of Somalia will not give up an inch of its territory.

Sheikh Mohamud comments come as hearing of Indian Ocean maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia is set in International Court of Justice in Hague later on Monday. The President said he is very confident that Somalia will win the case since the disputed territory belongs to people of Somalia without question.

"The area under dispute between us and our neighbours belongs to Somalia and we will not give up one meter," he said.

He said efforts by the two neighbouring states to end the dispute in out of court settlement did not bear fruit and thus submitted to the court.

"There is no diplomatic raw between Kenya and Somalia and we will defend our territorial integrity," said the President.

Preliminary objections

In Kenya’s preliminary objections, Nairobi told the court that Somalia rushed to block a chosen path to resolve the dispute through the UN Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf (CLCS), despite both sides agreeing to wait for its recommendations. In 2009, Kenya and Somalia reached the deal, which was then deposited to the UN in 2011. The agreement had stated that the border would run east along the line of latitude although further negotiations were to be held through the UN CLCS.

This agreement also stated that maritime boundary adjustments would only occur after the commission had established the outer limits of shelf and that both sides would avoid courts as much as possible over the matter. But Somalia, first rejected the MoU claiming its parliament had rejected it, then wrote to the UN to object to Kenya’s submissions about how the boundary should run a week before filing the case in July 2014.

Somalia went ahead to claim that in fact, the agreement signed between then Kenya’s Foreign Affairs Minister Moses Wetang’ula and then Somalia Planning Minister Abdirahman Warsame was drafted entirely by Kenyan officials. Mr Khan accused Somalia of filing an inaccurate report to the court, charging that negotiations leading to the MoU had involved a renowned Norwegian diplomat hired by Mogadishu as a legal adviser on the matter, as well as a Somali legal official.

In fact, the Kenyan legal team accused Somalia of introducing the excuse of parliament yet there had been no notice of the same during and immediately after the MoU was signed.

“There is no record of any such thing…it is remarkable that Somalia’s memorial reproduced every paragraph…except that provision. Somalia did not communicate that there was a legal requirement for ratification by parliament,” Mr Khan argued.

The Kenyan lawyers said the MoU with Somalia listed the specific area of the boundary to be resolved and that it was clear that parties had agreed not to use litigation.

“This means that the parties have agreed to resolve the matter through negotiations and not through recourse to the courts,” French lawyer Prof Mathias Forteau argued.

The area in contest is about 100,000 square kilometres, forming a triangle east of the Kenya coast.

In Kenya’s situation, it means Somalia wants the boundary to extend diagonally to the south at Kiunga into the sea, and not eastwards as it is today. But that may also affect Kenya’s sea border with Tanzania. 

Somalia is basing its arguments on Articles 15, 74 and 83 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which both countries ratified in 1989.

The cited articles state that where two states share coasts adjacent or opposite each other, neither state should extend territorial boundaries beyond the median line “every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial seas of each of the two states is measured” except where there is an agreement to do so.

Kenya is fronting prominent international lawyers who include Britons Vaughan Lowe QC and Prof Alan Boyle, Ms Amy Sanders and Mr Karim A. Khan QC as well as Prof Mathias Forteau from France.

Sunday, September 11, 2016


  • The attack follows last week's killings in Garfasa, Garba Tula Sub County where three people were killed by Somali armed men from Lagdera.
  • The police boss added that the heavily armed men were shooting aimlessly prompting other Somali’s to flee towards Garissa.
  • He further confirmed that no arrests had been made, adding that the attackers did not steal any animals.
  • Isiolo has been a Somali Inhabited Town since 1914.
At least six people died and three were injured last week in the Borana-Somali clashes in Isiolo.Two people were shot dead Saturday and two others injured in Boji, Isiolo County following a retaliatory attack by suspected Borana herders.

The attack follows last week's killings in Garfasa, Garba Tula Sub County where three people were killed by Somali armed men from Lagdera, Garissa County.
Kenya Parliamentary Hansard Report in 1970 Motion being Boundary Commission for Isiolo 
Isiolo Police Commander Charles Ontita said angry Borana herders shot dead a 20-year-old man and an eight-year-old boy from the Somali community while they were resting in their home. A two-year-old girl and a three-year-old boy who were injured and were taken to Benale hospital for treatment.

The police boss added that the heavily armed men were shooting aimlessly prompting other Somali’s to flee towards Garissa. He further confirmed that no arrests had been made, adding that the attackers did not steal any animals.

Isiolo is a town in the former Eastern Province, Kenya. It is situated in the Upper Eastern sub-region, and lies 285 kilometres north of Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. The town grew around the local military camps, much of the population being descended from former Somali soldiers who had fought in World War I as well as other Cushitic-speaking pastoral communities and the Ameru community.


Mr Ontita also said investigations had been launched with the aim of arresting the attackers and urged locals not to take the law into their hands.

“There has been tension in the area following invasion by Somali herders from Lagdera Sub-County in search of water and pasture for their livestock,” he said.

The pastoralists have been accused of invading Isiolo with their livestock without following proper procedures set by the Borana community. Police have been deployed in the area following the incident in a bid to stop further retaliatory attacks between the two communities.

At least six people died and three were injured last week in the Borana-Somali clashes in Isiolo.

Political leaders from Isiolo have condemned the attack and called on the government to remove Somali herders from Isiolo saying they are causing tension.

Thursday, September 08, 2016




Every year, Somalia exports millions of livestock to Saudi Arabia to feed the millions of Muslim faithful making the pilgrimage to Mecca.

From the hinterlands to the Somalia to the Ports of Mogadishu and Berbera, millions of sheep and goats are on the move in the Horn of Africa republic.

The animals are en route to Saudi Arabia for use as sacrificial offerings for millions of Muslims making the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca known as the Hajj.

The livestock trade to the Middle East accounts for 60 percent of Somalia's gross domestic product and 70 percent of its jobs.

Some Muslims consider the black-headed sheep to have religious significance relating to the prophet Abraham.

Livestock owners earn their livelihood from the livestock and that they feel supporting the Islamic community in having a good Hajj festival, is an added Bonus.

Once sold in the markets, the animals are trucked to the Somalia Ports of Mogadishu or Berbera at the Red Sea where they wait in quarantine for weeks receiving blood tests and vaccinations.

Herders guide goats and sheep the at the livestock market in the Somalia Second City Hargeisa before sending them to the port of Berbera for export, August 9, 2016. (J. Patinkin/VOA)
Past accusations of disease among Northern Somalia livestock led Saudi Arabia to temporarily ban imports of Somalia's animals.

Northern Somalia Federal Government veterinarian Ali Mahamud Gulled said the Berbera Port quarantine holds over a million animals at the height of the Hajj.

"It's very, very important we guarantee that no disease is carried and infected to the imported country ... because then that will affect us economically, drastically. It could result in a ban of our livestock, so we make sure that each and every animal leaving here is free of diseases," said Gulled.

After quarantine, the sheep and goats load onto ships holding between 20,000 and 120,000 animals. The animals are often loaded at night when the air is cooler.

Somalia Now  faces competition from Sudan, Australia, and other countries who also export livestock to the Hajj.

Abdi Osman Haji, a researcher with the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, which supports the livestock sector, said Somalia must modernize its industry to stay ahead.

"The market facilities are very dilapidated and they are not up to date ... I am sure Somalia cannot maintain its current position if we don't improve the whole export value chain," said Haji.

Haji said Somalia lags behind in terms of treatment of the animals too.

"Animal welfare is not on the agenda here and that has to be introduced. Animals, when they are deported via ships and via trucks, they are not according to international standards. They should comply [with] animal welfare conditions," said Haji.

Even so, the annual export of animals from Somalia to Saudi Arabia remains vital for both countries.

Goats and sheep climb aboard a ship in the Somalia port of Berbera which will sail for Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, August 16, 2016. (J. Patinkin/VOA)